Elbow pain radiates when it curves back too far, a condition known as hyperextension. The ligaments are inflamed and damaged during this process. The overuse of elbow joints can lead to golf elbow or tennis elbow conditions, which can be very painful. Elbow braces help create compression around the joints and muscles and release stress and tension in the tendons. The use of a brace over time helps in reducing the pain and heal from such injuries.